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Harvard Humanitarian Initiative;
Outlines the challenges of and recommendations for creating an effective interface between humanitarian groups and volunteer and technical communities aggregating, visualizing, and analyzing data on and from affected communities to support relief efforts.
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation;
Outlines principles, best practices, and codes of conduct for humanitarian aid, including disaster relief and recovery; the evolution of Hilton's approach to disaster response grantmaking; current policies and practices; lessons learned; and suggestions.
The floods that hit Pakistan in 2010 were the worst in the country's history. The humanitarian response achieved remarkable successes in minimising the immediate loss of life and providing relief to millions of people. However, it could have been better: more than 800,000 families remain without permanent shelter and more than a million people remain in need of food assistance. These unmet needs must be addressed as a matter of urgency. As Pakistan faces another monsoon season and the likelihood of more disasters, the country is not prepared. Many factors which have hampered the relief and reconstruction effort are still present, such as an inadequate disaster management system and a lack of emergency relief co-ordination and leadership. These institutional challenges must be resolved as soon as possible. The government and donors need to invest heavily in measures to reduce disaster risks such as better early warning systems, flood control, and more resilient housing. They should also tackle the underlying social inequalities which leave people vulnerable to disasters through a pro-poor national development plan. Spending on risk reduction and preparedness not only saves lives and livelihoods but hugely reduces the economic impact of disasters.
Grantmakers Without Borders;
Reviews the experiences of grantmaking public charities supporting relief efforts, in the contexts of armed conflict and trends in the humanitarian community. Presents best practices and lessons learned about tapping local capacity and promoting equity.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
With emergency relief and long-term intervention, a humanitarian aid organization helps treat the physical and emotional wounds of people and nations across the Global South.MERCY Malaysia, also known as the Malaysian Medical Relief Society, started from a small group of well-meaning doctors to a humanitarian aid organization respected across the Global South. In the beginning, MERCY Malaysia focused on emergency relief and its aftermath, and on medical care. Those remain priorities, but in consultation with its partners, it has also developed a systematic approach to areas hit hard by disaster – going beyond emergency relief to recovery, prevention, and preparation.
The monsoon floods that began in Pakistan in July 2010 caused a colossal disaster. Thanks to the collective efforts of the Pakistani Government, UN agencies, international NGOs, and local relief organisations, the response has achieved major successes and seen millions of Pakistanis receive vital emergency relief.Six months into the floods, the disaster is not over and many people still need humanitarian assistance. Ongoing emergency relief is just the first step in rebuilding devastated communities. A nationally-led, pro-poor reconstruction programme is needed now to create a path of sustainable development leading to a fairer and more disaster-resilient Pakistan.This is one of a series of papers that will analyse the impact of the 2010 Pakistan Floods and the challenges and opportunities facing the Government of Pakistan and the international community as Pakistan rebuilds.
Lutheran World Relief;
Lutheran World Relief, an international NGO working in 35 countries to develop sustainable solutions to poverty and food insecurity, marked GivingTuesday by releasing its 2016 Early Warning Forecast of regions it is monitoring for potential humanitarian crises over the coming year.The regions highlighted in the report are those that LWR is actively monitoring and, in many cases, is already in-country working to help mitigate the worst effects of a potential crisis, develop disaster response plans and strengthen community resilience, especially in the most vulnerable rural areas.
This briefing highlights some important areas of concern which Amnesty International believes could have an impact on the success of relief and reconstruction endeavours in Nepal.Protection and respect for human rights has been severely weakened by Nepal's unsettled political climate at the national level and the resulting governance vacuum at local levels, and also impacted by the armed conflict between government forces and Maoist insurgents between 1996 and 2006. Impunity persists for gross human rights abuses, including enforced disappearances, a hallmark of the conflict, as do longstanding problems of discrimination and social exclusion that affect large segments of Nepali society. Relief and reconstruction efforts grounded in human rights norms, including the universal principles of human dignity and non-discrimination, could help avoid further harm to recipients of humanitarian assistance and also have a better chance of successfully helping individuals and communities affected by the disaster to recover and become more resilient in future. Such efforts must include attention to deeper structural and systemic inequities that persist in Nepal and which accentuate the vulnerability of disadvantaged groups to the impact of the disaster.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute;
In its 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) officially recognized climate change as a factor worthy of consideration in future national security planning. The report stated, "Climate change and energy are two key issues that will play a significant role in shaping the future security environment," noting that "climate change, energy security, and economic stability are inextricably linked." The report goes on to describe the vast geopolitical impacts of climate change anticipated by the intelligence community, including sea level rise, increasing temperatures, food and water scarcity, the proliferation of disease vectors, and the risk of mass migration by vulnerable populations to escape these impacts. These risks led DOD to declare that "while climate change alone does not cause conflict, it may act as an accelerant of instability or conflict, placing a burden to respond on civilian institutions and militaries around the world." The department's leaders recognized that the United States' existing role in responding to extreme weather events, delivering humanitarian assistance, and preserving national security would be made all the more difficult by climate change.
Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations;
University education rarely focuses its attention and imagination on teaching students how to turn a vision into reality; how to design, develop, and lead social change organizations. The author co-created the Social Entrepreneurship Collaboratory (SE Lab) at Stanford University and then Harvard University as a model educational program designed to achieve this goal. The SE Lab is a Silicon Valley influenced incubator where student teams create and develop innovative pilot projects for US and international social sector initiatives. The lab combines academic theory, frameworks, and traditional research with intensive field work, action research, peer support and learning, and participation of domain experts and social entrepreneurship practitioners. It also provides students an opportunity to collaborate on teams to develop business plans for their initiatives and to compete for awards and recognition in the marketplace of ideas. Students in the SE Lab have created innovative organizations serving many different social causes, including fighting AIDS in Africa, promoting literacy in Mexico, combating the conditions for terrorism using micro-finance in the Palestinian territories, and confronting gender inequality using social venture capital to empower women in Afghanistan.