No result found
A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interactions, a methodological framework to synthesize spatially explicit data of such drivers is lacking. To fill this gap, we established a transferable data synthesis methodology to integrate spatial data on environmental and anthropogenic drivers of coral reefs, and applied this methodology to a case study location–the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI). Environmental drivers were derived from time series (2002–2013) of climatological ranges and anomalies of remotely sensed sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a, irradiance, and wave power. Anthropogenic drivers were characterized using empirically derived and modeled datasets of spatial fisheries catch, sedimentation, nutrient input, new development, habitat modification, and invasive species. Within our case study system, resulting driver maps showed high spatial heterogeneity across the MHI, with anthropogenic drivers generally greatest and most widespread on O'ahu, where 70% of the state's population resides, while sedimentation and nutrients were dominant in less populated islands. Together, the spatial integration of environmental and anthropogenic driver data described here provides a first-ever synthetic approach to visualize how the drivers of coral reef state vary in space and demonstrates a methodological framework for implementation of this approach in other regions of the world. By quantifying and synthesizing spatial drivers of change on coral reefs, we provide an avenue for further research to understand how drivers determine reef diversity and resilience, which can ultimately inform policies to protect coral reefs.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
Connecting for Success (CFS) is a four-year initiative funded by the Hawai'i Community Foundation and 14 donor partners. It is currently in its fourth year. From 2013-2016, 10 middle schools and five community partners served students identified to be at risk of very low levels of academic achievement. In the fourth year of the initiative, eight middle schools participated. CFS provides academic and enrichment supports, as well as interventions designed to improve attendance and behavior. Through increasing academic achievement and their connection to school, CFS programming is designed to make it more likely that participating youth will transition successfully to high school, stay on the path to graduate from high school, and ultimately succeed in college, career, and the community.
JLI CONSULTING, LLC;
The Anderson-Beck Fund of the Hawaii Community Foundation supported a study of the economic and cultural vitality of performing arts on Hawaii Island.
Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice;
Hawaii has an indeterminate sentencing system in which the sentencing court sets only the maximum, but not the minimum sentence to be served. The sentencing court chooses from only five possible maximum prison sentences when imposing a sentence (life without parole, life, 20 years, 10 years, or 5 years). While some paroling discretion has been curbed by mandatory minimum sentencing laws, in many cases the parole board still plays a large role in incarceration length. There is no sentencing commission or sentencing guidelines; and while there are no parole release guidelines, guidelines do play a role in setting the date of parole eligibility.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
This report evaluates the three-year effort to apply a network approach to improving services and systems for family homelessness in Hawaii. From 2014-2017 Hawaii Community Foundation funded HousingASAP, a group of eight homeless family service provider organizations who committed to a two‐year network plan aimed at moving more homeless families into permanent housing.
Institute for Women's Policy Research;
In a report commission by the Women's Fund of Hawai'i researchers from the Institute for Women's Policy Research, (IWPR) found that though there have been important gains in areas like education and health insurance coverage, women still face a widening pay gap and stagnant wages. Nearly four in ten Pacific Islander women are in poverty, compared with only one in ten women in Hawaii overall.
The Ecological Society of America;
Over the past decade, efforts to value and protect ecosystem services have been promoted by many as the last, best hope for making conservation mainstream - attractive and commonplace worldwide. In theory, if we can help individuals and institutions to recognize the value of nature, then this should greatly increase investments in conservation, while at the same time fostering human well-being. In practice, however, we have not yet developed the scientific basis, nor the policy and finance mechanisms, for incorporating natural capital into resource- and land-use decisions on a large scale. Here, we propose a conceptual framework and sketch out a strategic plan for delivering on the promise of ecosystem services, drawing on emerging examples from Hawai'i. We describe key advances in the science and practice of accounting for natural capital in the decisions of individuals, communities, corporations, and governments.
The Pew Charitable Trusts;
Papahānaumokuākea means "a sacred area from which all life springs" and is the Hawaiian name for the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument. To Hawaiians, Papahānaumokuākea is a place of honor, believed to be the root of native ancestral connections to the gods, and the site to which spirits return after death. The islands and the water around them are home to more than 7,000 species, a quarter of which are found nowhere else on Earth. At the time of its creation in 2006, the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument was, at 140,000 square miles (363,000 square kilometers), the largest fully protected marine park in the world. Its designation marked the first time a protected area of such significance had been established in the ocean.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
An Exploration into the Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP), Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) and other Sustainable Strategies for O'ahu's Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Pavements
Hawaii Community Foundation;
The purpose of this learning brief is to document what we have learned to date about data use capacity at the eight Connecting for Success (CFS) schools: the critical components of effective data use practices, how the CFS Initiative has helped to build CFS teams' data use capacity, and the opportunities for further growth in using data to inform learning and program improvement.
Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health;
Forty-five percent of pregnancies in the State of Hawai'i are unintended. Vulnerable populations are disproportionately at risk, which poses economic and social implications for the state and its residents. Culturally appropriate programs can help to combat this adverse health outcome, and meet the goals of the 2010 Title V Maternal and Child Health Needs Assessment (State of Hawai'i DOH, 2010). The CDC recommends that all women of reproductive age (15-44 years) create a reproductive life plan (RLP) as a strategy to increase planned pregnancies (Johnson et al., 2006). However, only 23% of women receiving care from Title X clinics developed an RLP during their last visit (D. Hayes, personal communication). To ameliorate these disparities, the MCHB will implement and evaluate the Wonderful Journey… A Woman's Life and Wellness Planning Journal booklet in clinics receiving Title X federal funding.This report describes a formative evaluation to be conducted by the MCHB during the first year of booklet implementation, in order to understand how the booklet is delivered in practice and demonstrate intervention effectiveness. Evaluation activities include: (1) pilot testing with the target population; (2) ongoing technical assistance and staff log; (3) booklet distribution tracking log in Title X clinics; (4) user testing; (5) linkage of the distribution log to the Title X Client Visit Record to evaluate associations between booklet use and RLP creation.The formative evaluation will employ a quasi-experimental study design with a mixed-methods convergent parallel approach for data collection, management, and analysis. We recommend both consensual qualitative analysis, as well as univariate and bivariate approaches for quantitative assessment. Using findings from stakeholder interviews, we detail recommendations for booklet improvement, implementation, and evaluation. We describe our underlying assumptions and potential limitations to the proposed evaluation and opportunities for stakeholder engagement.
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies;
Place matters for health in important ways, according to a growing body of research. Differences in neighborhood conditions powerfully predict who is healthy, who is sick, and who lives longer. And because of patterns of residential segregation, these differences are the fundamental causes of health inequities among different racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups.This report provides a summary of the analysis of the range of social, economic, and environmental conditions that exist in selected Place Matters communities and documents their relationship to the health status of the residents. The study finds that social, economic, and environmental conditions in low-income and non-white neighborhoods make it moredifficult for people in these neighborhoods to live healthy lives. The overall pattern in the series of Community Health Equity Reports, as this summary makes clear, suggests that we need to tackle the structures and systems that create and perpetuate inequality to fully close racial and ethnic health gaps. Accordingly, because the Joint Center seeks not only to document these inequities, we are committed to helping remedy them.