Norwegian Church Aid;
After a 14-year history of working in Iraq, Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) began phasing out its operations there in 2011. This evaluation looks at the impact of water supply and desalination units they installed in schools, hospitals, cities and rural villages starting in 2005. Hygiene promotion and sanitation became a focus in the last few years of the period, and these activities are assessed as well, with all components being evaluated along the three main criteria of technical issues, sustainability, and gender equity. Overall, NCA's work has directly impacted drinking water supplies of 1 million beneficiaries, with the best results for sustainability coming from reverse osmosis units in hospitals and purification or compact units in cities and villages.