No result found
Nepal has a good track record of improving menstrual hygiene management (MHM) facilities, increasing access to affordable and hygienic sanitary materials, delivering creative awareness campaigns and policy advocacy, and developing the capacity of local stakeholders to promote MHM. Nevertheless, Operations and maintenance (O&M) of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) remains challenging.MHM and WinS approaches in project schools are being used by Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to help develop a programmatic approach that works at scale. The Government is finalising a Dignified Menstruation Policy. An MHM Practitioners' Alliance provides cross-sector coordination. Improving the curriculum and teacher capacity, as well as further learning and engagement opportunities for older generations of women, is needed.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF);
Among the six-infrastructure themes that this assessment focused on, roads seem to have the highest amount of impact on the snow leopard habitat. Experts' ranking ranged from 61% for road to 12.4% for settlement. Impact due to high density road infrastructure on snow leopard habitat ranges from 5,725km2 to 17,775km2. Prediction maps show an area (greater than 90 percentile) measuring between 525km2 and 625km2 as high impact zone in snow leopard habitat, affected by infrastructural development. The study concluded that the current cumulative effect of infrastructural development on snow leopard habitat is low. However, future impact scenario shows an increase of 50% impact area, most of which within or traversing through the core snow leopard habitats. Therefore, it is likely that snow leopard habitats would be subjected to a high degree of fragmentation, deterioration and human disturbances in the future.
The objectives of this report include:* To review and map out the policies, strategies, and programs related to MHM and explore the contexts that supportor inhibit adolescent girls' access to MHM and wider Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services;* To highlight key policy and program influencers and implementers;*To chart the existing advocacy initiatives, relevant working groups and coalitions, and community and youth groups;* To identify gaps, challenges, and opportunities in policy and programming;* To expand the knowledge base and understanding of the issue, key players, and interventions on MHM in Nepal tobuild potential partnerships;* To recommend future strategies for more comprehensive knowledge about MHM;* To stress the critical linkages among family planning, SRH, and MHM; and* To highlight relevant scholarship in the field of MHM
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out from November 2015-February 2016 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake.On the 25th April a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck, creating large-scale damage and many casualties. The epicentre was in the district of Gorkha with other districts and the Kathmandu valley also being affected. Oxfam launched a response almost immediately and an international team was mobilised to support local capacity. Oxfam responded with water, sanitation and hygiene promotion as well as cash grants, and livelihoods support. As there was widespread destruction of homes, shelter kits were considered to be an essential part of the programme. A hotline for receiving complaints and feedback from the affected population was set up and some changes were made according to the feedback received. Gender and protection issues were considered early on in the response with dedicated staff to support. The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in January 2016 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'Joint Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness'.The project under review was implemented between April 2011 and March 2016 in four districts in the Terai region of southern Nepal - Dhanusha, Rautahat, Salarhi, and Saptari. The project was carried out by Oxfam in partnership with several organisations, including the Koshi Victims Society (KVS), the Social Development Research Centre (SDRC), Bagmati Welfare Society Nepal (BWSN), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), and Rural Development Centre (RDC). The project had three broad objectives, which were developed during its planning phase: (1) to strengthen and institutionalise Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), (2) to enhance the capacity of local institutions to prepare for and respond to humanitarian emergencies, (3) to create an enabling environment for people to demand their 'rights in crisis'.
Give2Asia, a US-based social enterprise, announces today the release of a report on disaster recovery work in Nepal to mark the first anniversary of the 7.8-magnitude earthquake that hit near Kathmandu on April 25, 2015. Within hours of the quake, Give2Asia responded with a program with its network of local Nepali nonprofits to support immediate and long-term needs. The earthquake killed more than 8,800 people and left 3.5 million people homeless. On May 12, just as the shock of that event was wearing off and people began to rebuild, a 7.3-magnitude aftershock hit, killing an additional 153 people. Give2Asia partnered with corporate, foundation and individual donors. Facebook made a commitment of $2 million to support locally-based organizations in long-term recovery with assistance from Give2Asia. Johnson & Johnson and EMC, among others, raised substantial amounts with employee giving campaigns. To date, Give2Asia and its donor partners have 1) provided both temporary and permanent shelter, 2) health services and health education. In addition, projects have provided foundational elements of the rebuild like electrical grid access in remote areas and radio transmissions, which serve as most people's primary source of information. Give2Asia anticipates continuing to support recovery work through 2016 and into 2017.
Save the Children;
On April 25, 2015 a magnitude-7.9 earthquake hit Nepal affecting millions of families and injuring more than 22,000 people, including children. Whenever a disaster strikes children are the most vulnerable and this disaster was no different. Thousands of schools and health facilities had to be rebuilt. Following the earthquake, children were left scared and without the proper healthcare and resources to help them. Because of the support from partners and donors, Save the Children was well prepared to respond. Our teams were able to reach more than 580,000 people, including 352,000 children, with vital aid. But the work is not yet over. A year after the earthquake more than 600,000 families still remain without a proper home. Many children still haven't returned to school and young mothers are still seeking proper healthcare. To learn more about Save the Children's Nepal Earthquake response read our One Year Anniversary Report:
Community Self-Reliance Centre Nepal;
As recovery in Nepal begins after the 7.6 magnitude earthquake that struck in April 2015, there is an opportunity to ensure that reconstruction and resettlement policies and programmes are inclusive of women and those who are landless - some of the poorest and most marginalized people in the country. This will help address historic social inequalities and rebuild a stronger, more equal Nepal. This briefing paper reviews the current situation and presents recommendations to help achieve this.
The earthquake and aftershock which struck Nepal in 2015 affected more than 8 million people and severely damaged infrastructure including schools, health centres and homes. Existing gender inequalities in Nepal meant that single women were particularly affected in the aftermath, receiving inadequate assistance and being least able to be heard.This briefing argues that the recovery effort is an opportunity to create much needed improved conditions for single women in Nepal. It provides practical suggestions for better disaster preparedness and enabling single women to be more resilient.
This report documents a study of the reintegration of child domestic workers in Nepal. There are an estimated 1.8 million child labourers in Nepal, 361,814 of whom are child domestic workers. Whilst child domestic work (for children under 16 years) falls under the 'worst forms of child labour', as defined by Nepali legislation and therefore illegal within Nepal, in practice the law is applicable only at the institutional level (where there are more than 10 child employees, e.g. for factories or companies). This makes it very difficult to take legal action against employers since child domestic work is part of the informal sector, taking place in homes rather than institutions. The research was carried out by a Nepali nongovernmental organisation -- CWISH -- with the support of the international network Family for Every Child. This study is part of a larger thre country study, which examines the reintegration of street children in Mexico and children in residential care in Moldova. The overall aim is to identify successful elements in strategies to ensure the sustainable reintegration of children without parental care by examining the reintegration process from its initial preparatory stages through to after children have returned home
This report from the Population Council's Horizons program summarizes the policy analysis, documentation of current intervention models, and community-based study of trafficking in the context of an emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal.
European Bulletin of Himalayan Research;
Education in Nepal as elsewhere around the world is intensely political. The prevailing system of education works well for the elites and those sectors of society which do not have to rely on public education for their children. Public schools are being now abandoned by those who can afford to send their children to private schools. Following the withdrawal by professionals, businessmen, government bureaucrats, university professors and even school-teachers of their children, public schools in Nepal are now attended by girls and children from poor backgrounds and those living in difficult conditions. It is exactly for this reason that the problem of the massive failure of the SLC examination and the near collapse of the public school system are ignored and not seen as a national problem.22 What has happened at school level is slowly being repeated in higher education: public university campuses are being abandoned by those who can afford to go to private universities or abroad. The present system therefore produces two classes of citizen who are schooled and prepared very differently and who would perhaps never meet in their youth anywhere except, after their graduation, in the work place. The failure of the public education system may have a negative impact on the creation of a national culture and a cohesive society, among other things, which is so important in post-conflict Nepal. It not only frustrates government plans for social integration and the empowerment of women, Dalits and ethnic groups but also forces the nation to enter the twentyfirst century insufficiently prepared to compete in the global economy. It is for this reason that an education reform in Nepal is far too urgent and important to be delayed by a few vested groups and short-term political gains for individual political parties.