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International Development Enterprises (iDE);
In 2011, iDE set out to improve national sanitation coverage in Cambodia, which had stalled at 29% for the preceding 20 years. Six years later, the Sanitation Marketing Scale-Up program is the largest of its kind globally with a network of sales agents and producers selling over 6,000 toilets per month to rural customers. The program stimulates both demand and supply, effectively building a market for sanitation. The program continues to invest in sales management activities to achieve 100% latrine coverage in the very near future. Having a more hands-on approach means we will achieve this finite goal of complete hygienic sanitation access more quickly and effectively.
This accountability review is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15. The report documents the findings from a review carried out in December 2014 which examines the degree to which Oxfam meets its own standards for accountability.The project works to ensure equitable and sustainable use of natural resources in 4 provinces in Cambodia - Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Kratie and Stung Treng. The project aims to (i) enhance capacities and platforms for engaging with state agencies at sub-national level on the governance of land and natural resources and (ii) to build capacity and establish platforms for civil society, rights holders and, at state level, to advocate for equitable management of land and natural resources. This assignment examined accountability to partners and communities in terms of transparency, feedback/listening and, participation - three key dimensions of Accountability for Oxfam. In addition it asked questions around partnership practices, staff attitudes, and satisfaction (how useful the project is to people and how wisely the money on this project has been spent) where appropriate.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
Composed of individual recollections and historical data, this report is meant to serve as part of the "institutional memory" of McKnight's Southeast Asia grants program.
Community Fisheries Development Office (CFDO), Department of Fisheries, Asia;
This assessment report created in 2004 provides a review of the fisheries policy reforms introduced in Cambodia in October 2000 and the impacts of these reforms on poverty in Cambodia, on food security, on ecology, on institutional arragements, on fisheries resources and on different fisheries stakeholders.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
Coastal fisheries are very essential for supporting the livelihoods of many rural poor in the coastal areas, particularly coastal community fisheries members. They serve as sources of food, employment and income generation for many coastal families. "Coastal Community Fisheries Catch Monitoring" Project which was conducted from April to November 2011 provides some data which indicates the importance of small-scale fisheries. The project was financially supported by the Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme, Cambodian component (RFLP/CMB) and was activity 1.5 of the approved RFLP CMB 2011 activity work plan and budget. For this catch monitoring study, 26 small-scale subsistence fishers, including 05 women, from five community fisheries (CFi?s) in the RFLP CMB area of geographic coverage from the four coastal provinces of Cambodia were selected and following appropriate training collected specific catch data and recorded it in fisher's logbook on a daily basis for the purpose of getting a better understanding of catch per unit of effort (CEPU), the health of inshore fish stock and the contribution of aquatic products to small-scale fisher households along the coast of Cambodia. The key data items recorded included total catchweight, catch weight by species, total catch sale price, fish price of the main species and total lengths of some key species. The study involved designing logbooks, training the selected 26 fishers as data collectors on data collection methods, collecting data from all the selected fishers, designing a database and entering all the collected data into the database, checking for errors and analyzing the collected data for final reporting and preparing report.
Community Based Natural Resource Management Learning Institute (CBNRM LI), Cambodia;
The DFID funded Aquatic Resource Dependency and Benefit Flows Project (ARDB) was a short research project (from January 2005 until August 2005) implemented by IMM of the UK, the Community Fisheries Development Office (CFDO) of the Department of Fisheries (DoF) and the Community Based Natural Resource Management Learning Institute (CBNRM LI), both based in Cambodia. It had two aims: 1) to build capacity amongst government and NGO staff in understanding the importance of livelihood diversification as a potential tool for natural resource management, and 2) to further our understanding of how factors that support or inhibit rural household diversification may apply in the Cambodian coastal context and beyond. The current report reviews the background to, and the findings of, that research.
Fisheries Administration of the Ministry of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries (MoAFF), Kingdom of Cambodia;
The Strategic Planning Framework sets out the Kingdom of Cambodia's Royal Government's vision for the future of the fisheries sector in Cambodia and describes the goals that must be reached in order to implement it. Its purpose is to support the achievement of Cambodia's Millennium Development Goals, implementation of the National Strategic Development Plan, and compliance with the Law on Fisheries, to the benefit of the people of Cambodia. It describes the overarching strategic context, and the challenges and opportunities facing the sector. It lays out the Royal Government's strategic priorities for sustaining and developing the sector and includes targets for this sustainment and development. It is intended for the guidance of all stakeholders in the fisheries sector and to give provenance and guidance to their supporting development and action plans and, particularly, the plans and actions of the Fisheries Administration (FiA). A second supporting Volume, 'Feeding Growth', is also available and contains the detailed descriptions, analysis and justification that have been instrumental in the process of formulating this Strategic Planning Framework.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (World Bank Water);
Over a 13-month period, the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) worked with a number of partners, including the international non-profit Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) and International Development Enterprises (iDE), to pilot a sanitation financing program to address the challenge of reaching low-income households with improved sanitation solutions. This learning note presents the lessons from this pilot to promote scale-up in Cambodia and to inform similar efforts in other countries.
This evaluation report assesses Oxfam Novib's work in Cambodia for the period 2001-2005. The information and data came from the 13 counterparts chosen in the field phase of this evaluation (directors and management staff, implementing staff, and some of their beneficiaries), resource persons from other major NGOs, government and multi-lateral agencies, and the Oxfams working in Cambodia, as well as officers and management staff of Oxfam Novib.
The "World Citizens Panel" (WCP) was established by Oxfam Novib to measure the impact of its programmes among people living in poverty and injustice. The approach combines quantitative research (impact surveys) with qualitative research (stories of change) and gives participants a voice in evaluation, and the opportunity to learn how programmes can be improved and to contribute to public debate on the effectiveness of development cooperation. This impact study of the programme in Cambodia was carried out in 2014. The study included a broad set of indicators, covering major dimensions of poverty and injustice. Data collected by partners with the help of a smart phone app was transferred into a central data base, managed and analysed by the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team. This report describes the process and presents the major findings of the analysis which include:the positive impact on livelihoods (particularly on increased income levels and value of assets) but not on food security;significant improvements in disaster preparedness;access to information is very varied;increased participation in social organisations and collective action against injustice, and influence on decision making processes;violence against women is a problem, but is decreasing as both awareness and reporting of the issue is increasing;wider possibilities for women to be politically active and take leadership roles;increased space for civil society organisations;larger number of land concessions granted to external investorsThe programme carried out a total of 3,650 interviews: the major activities of respondents were sustainable livelihoods (32%), gender (32%), education (28%) and health (28%).The Annex document contains the full text of the questionnaire used in the survey.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (World Bank Water);
This brief shows that the level of open defecation in a community is associated with children of shorter stature in Cambodia. By looking at the change in defecation levels and average child height between 2005 and 2010 in Cambodian provinces, the study is able to show that improvements in sanitation access played a substantial role in increasing average child height over the same five years.
This paper details a 13-month pilot sanitation financing program that addresses the challenge of reaching low-income households with improved sanitation solutions.