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Rockefeller Archive Center;
January 1, 2019 marked the 40th anniversary of normalization of diplomatic relations between the United States and China. Scholars and policymakers are deeply divided over the virtue of U.S. engagement with China in the past 40 years, with some criticizing it as failure and others defending it as success. Both camps would probably agree, however, that the complexity of U.S.-Chinese relations rules out a simple answer. The dense, thick web of economic, cultural, and educational ties, most of which did not exist in the 1950s and 1960s due to Cold War tension, constitute the contemporary Sino-American relationship.
This research, driven in partnership by the British Council and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), looks at the reasons why some national governments invest in supporting outward mobility scholarship programmes. The study aims to improve our understanding of why governments sponsor these programmes; how they are designed, administered, and funded; who participates and where they study; and what impact the programmes are having.
The report contains detailed case studies of 11 countries and their approaches to national outward mobility scholarship programmes, with comparative case study analysis and recommendations for countries looking to establish or develop outward mobility scholarship programmes.
Asian Venture Philanthropy Network (AVPN);
Philanthropy in China today is expanding and evolving rapidly. This report presents an overview of the philanthropy ecosystem in China by reviewing existing knowledge and drawing insights from influential practitioners. It also provides an analysis of the key trends, opportunities as well as a set of recommendations for funders and resource providers who are inspired to catalyze a more vibrant and impactful philanthropy ecosystem in China.
Around the globe, a wave of financial innovation that seeks to create social and environmental benefits while producing attractive returns is shaping the field of sustainable finance.
From investments in publicly listed corporations based on environmental, social, and governance factors, to bonds issued to fund climate and environmental improvements; from micro-credit to small retailers through innovative credit assessments, to parametric insurance products improving the disaster resilience of countries, the world of sustainable finance is growing and becoming increasingly diverse.
In this report, we take a closer look at these innovations and more, highlighting how they are working to mobilize private-sector capital at scale to address social and environmental challenges. We also explore recent developments and potential opportunities in Asia's four largest economies: China, India, Japan, and Indonesia.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
With generous financial support provided by the Rockefeller Archive Center, I was able to pay a research visit to Rockefeller Archive Center from July 20 to September 7, 2018. This was my second visit to the Center, following one in 2008, when the Center granted and financially supported my one-month-long access to its archival resources. This second visit proved to be an important one. This time I took advantage of the fact that the Center now allows archive users to take photographs. As a result, I was able to proceed with my work efficiently and made extensive use of archival material which I missed in my previous visit. This report presents a description of the important historical materials I have viewed and collected during this visit. It includes seven subjects in general, described as follows, that together constitute my research project, Modern China and Rockefeller Foundation (1913-1966).
The Accelerating Organic Cotton in China by Replicating Behavioral Change initiative, implemented by RARE and funded by the C&A Foundation, had an implementation period from March 2016 through February 2019. The initiative had five programming objectives: 1) developing a partner implementation network using a hub-and-spoke approach; 2) implementing farmer training and delivery using a train-the-trainer and farmer field school model to promote organic cotton methods; 3) promoting sustainable behavior change; 4) creating sustainable models and lasting relationships based on agricultural best practices and full realization within the value chain; and 5) building demand for subsequent scale of organic production through the cultivation of networks and relationships with relevant governments and industry leaders to encourage and support investment in the scaling of organic cotton.
This evaluation assesses the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and results, and sustainability of the initiative. Qualitative and quantitative data from reports and interviews have been triangulated through site visits including observations, key informant interviews, and farmer interviews/group discussions. The evaluation also draws on selected key program indicators (KPI) and their evolution over the implementation period, comparing these indicators with program outcomes. The evaluation used data from the following two broad sources: 1) program documents and data provided by the C&A Foundation and Rare, and 2) views as triangulated among a variety of different stakeholders to be interviewed during the evaluation process. The evaluation contains sections on the background of the initiative, scope and methods of the evaluation including a ratings scale by criteria, findings, conclusions, lessons learned, and recommendations.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute;
Those who travel to other countries may experience high speed rail (HSR) services and wonder why a similar transportation network has not been implemented in the United States. The following fact sheet provides a brief history of international high-speed rail developments and a comparison of the status of HSR deployment around the world, along with a discussion of issues that policymakers and business leaders may want to consider in their long-term planning for future U.S. transportation infrastructure.
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
This report looks at the rate of progress of economic, health, and social indicators, including per capita GDP, mortality, life expectancy, and education for all countries with available data. It examines the twenty-first century rebound for the majority of low- and middle-income countries after an unusual long-term decline in the rate of progress on most of these indicators in the last two decades of the twentieth century. It discuss the role of China in the twenty-first-century rebound, and the possible role of major policy changes that took place in many low- and middle-income countries, as well as other policy and institutional influences.
The report is the latest edition of a series that began in 2001; the last version was published in 2011. The first two editions of the Scorecard (2001 and 2005) documented a then ongoing, historic long-term economic failure that occurred in the 1980s and '90s, before most low- and middle-income countries began to experience an economic rebound.
UNDP China initiated a project called "Philanthropy for Sustainable Development in China" in collaboration with the China Foundation Center (CFC) in early 2017. Drawing on the CFC's core data and existing platform, this collaborative project aims at comprehensively capturing and understanding the existing contribution of China's philanthropic sector to the sustainable development goals. The project analyzed 5,545 Chinese foundations' 83,038 charitable projects that tackle issues related to the SDGs. The project comprehensively depicts the distribution of China's philanthropic actors under the SDGs, their contribution to the 17 SDGs, as well as highlights the philanthropic sector's great potential to further achieve the SDGs in China. The key findings of the "Philanthropy for Sustainable Development in China" are based on a powerful database, in-depth data analysis, and present the results through various data visualization tools and a real-time publicly accessible platform.
Through assessing the current SDG landscape of philanthropic actors in China, establishing the SDG philanthropy platform, and promoting the SDGs, the UNDP and CFC partnership represents a first step in mobilizing an increasing number of Chinese philanthropic actors to realize the SDGs. The project and the tools it provides aim at supporting the development of China's philanthropic sector in support of sustainable development.
World Bank Group;
With 2.1 billion people – mostly in rural areas – lacking safely managed drinking water and reported low rural water supply functionality rates, the Sustainable Development Goals pose a triple challenge: to reach unserved mostly rural population groups, to raise service levels, and to sustain existing and future services. This assessment uses a multi-country case study approach to identify good practices and challenges toward building sector capacity and strengthening sustainable service delivery models for rural areas. Recognizing the limitations of the Demand Responsive Approach, the emergence of various management models, the identified need for ongoing support to rural service providers, and the critical role of enabling institutions and policies beyond the community-level, the added value of this assessment lies in: i) the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that can be used to analyze and operationalize a more sustainable service delivery approach for rural water supply; ii) the rich set of cases and good practices from the 16 countries informing the global body of "knowledge in implementation," and iii) the formulation of recommendations and policy directions to improve the sustainability of services depending on sector development stage. Policy recommendations are centered around five areas: institutional capacity, financing, asset management, water resources management, and monitoring and regulatory oversight.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
By providing free-of-charge vocational education to the disenfranchised children of migrant workers and ethnic minorities, BN Vocational School (BNVS) has helped to improve their career prospects — and meet the growing need for well-trained and confident workers in China's burgeoning services sector.
Since its first Beijing school was founded in 2005, BNVS has expanded to nine branches inthe cities of Chengdu, Nanjing, Sanya, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Dalian, Yinchuan, and Lijiang — and now one far from home, in Luanda, Angola. The Angolan branch has embarked upon a program of vocational training that has been tried and tested by 2,500 underprivileged young people from across China who have graduated from the BNVS network, armed with a set of vocational skills to help them navigate their way through the country's competitive labor market.
From its inception, BNVS has offered the option of free vocational training to those who might otherwise lack the opportunity to continue their education. The organization's original focus was on the children of low-income migrant workers, whose movement from the countryside to the cities has underpinned China's remarkable urbanization story.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
A community of like-minded business leaders joined forces to fight deforestation and drive forward China's environmental movement.
"It started with planting trees," said Zhang Li, the current secretary general of SEE Foundation. The original aim of the association was to mobilise the resources of China's newly rich entrepreneurs to take on the problem of desertification in the Alashan Region.
But this would be merely the opening act of an organization that grew into a national network of nearly 600 entrepreneur members, including high-profile figures from the real estate, construction, manufacturing, and financial services sectors. SEE's members would come to include some of China's most successful and prolific corporate faces, including Wang Shi, chairman of Vanke, the world's largest real estate developer; Feng Lun, chairman of real estate leader Vantone Holdings; Chen Dongsheng, chairman of Taikang Life Insurance; and Pan Shiyi, chairman of property company SOHO China. The work of the organization would expand to include support for national ecosystem conservation and nature education, green supply chains, pollution prevention, and development of China's grassroots environmental NGOs