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Institute of Development Studies (IDS);
A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.
By analysing the approaches governments and donors are taking, we highlight ways in which progress is being made, and we call on decision-makers to shift mindsets, change ways of working, and invest now in effective integration to improve child health.
Building on last year's The missing ingredients report, this report highlights why WASH is essential for nutrition, and how this integration could be strengthened. Through an analysis of nutrition and WASH plans and policies in ten countries, we identify gaps and ways of working. The report highlights where there has been effective integration at the policy level and how improvements can be made. It also includes an analysis of donor initiatives and to what extent WASH has been incorporated in nutrition investments.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation carried out in December 2014 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of two projects: the 'reinforcing resilience capacity in Bahr el Gazal' project, and the 'Improving the Food Security Information System in Guéra Region' project (usually known by its French acronym as PASISAT).Main activities carried out by the project in Bahr el Gazal included the distribution of seeds and tools; training on agricultural techniques, market gardening and of community animal-health workers; restocking of sheep and goats; and vaccination of livestock. The main objective of the project PASISAT in Guéra was to strengthen the region's Food Security Information System by establishing processes under which data on meteorological conditions and crop production are collected regularly by officials within each canton, and submitted to a central coordinating office. Project participants also benefited directly from support in market gardening and training on seed replication techniques, soil conservation and restoration work; and promotion of improved nutritional practices.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
L'objectif de ce policy brief est d'informer les entreprises, les banques et l'État sur l'influence du crédit bancaire sur la performance des entreprises tchadiennes à l'ère pétrolière. Spécifiquement, il montre que le crédit bancaire est un levier de la performance économique (chiffre d'affaires) et sociale (effectif des employés) des entreprises tchadiennes
L'assèchement de 90% de la superficie du lac Tchad a conduit les Etats riverains à élaborer un projet de transfert des eaux du fleuve Oubangui vers le lac Tchad.
World Food Programme (WFP);
This CaseStudy reports that over the years, many aspects of cash and voucher transfers have been analysed and studied, however, there has not been a substantive amount of study specifically devoted to protection and gender implications - both positive and negative - of such programming. In response, in October and November 2011, WFP conducted a literature review of previous studies of cash and voucher transfers to investigate whether cash and voucher transfers were working towards improving protection of, or at minimum doing no further harm to, beneficiaries, as well as what impacts they could have on gender and community dynamics. In addition, WFP headquarters sent a short questionnaire to their field offices to gather their observations on the impacts of cash and voucher transfers on protection and gender within their own programming.
L'assèchement de 90% de la superficie du lac Tchad a conduit les Etats riverains à élaborer un projet de restauration de cet actif naturel. Nous proposons ici de comparer les bénéfices et les coûts associés à ce projet. Les bénéfices révélés par les habitants sont déterminés via l'application de la méthode d'évaluation
Le Cameroun est le premier partenaire commercial des pays membres de la Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l'Afrique Centrale (CEMAC). Malgré leur appartenance à un même regroupement sous-régional, les liens commerciaux formels entre eux ont été entravés par un ensemble de facteurs qui ont stimulé la croissance du commerce transfrontalier (non enregistré) informel.
L'Agence Française de Développement (AFD);
This book analyses the factors that influence environmental management in the CNPC when operating outside of China, in the outer margins of the world oil system, specifically in Chad, a Least Developed Country.
Gender mainstreaming is one of Oxfam GB corporate priorities. Oxfam GB defines gender mainstreaming as a process of ensuring that all our work, and the way we do it, contributes to gender equality by transforming the balance of power between the women and men. A Gender Representation Advisor was recruited in 2004 to support Oxfam's response to the emergency situation in Chad by training, monitoring, implementing and raising awareness of gender mainstreaming work. This final evaluation is intended to review all the gender work that has been carried out in Chad (October 2004 to October 2005), so as to draw out lessons about good practice for gender mainstreaming that can be shared with other humanitarian programmes and used to inform future programmes.