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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs;
Outlines the challenges of and recommendations for creating an effective interface between humanitarian groups and volunteer and technical communities aggregating, visualizing, and analyzing data on and from affected communities to support relief efforts.
Napa Valley Community Foundation;
One year ago today, we were deeply shaken by a powerful earthquake. Hundreds of homes and businesses were damaged in the largest seismic event the Bay Area has seen since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, mostly in and around the City of Napa. More than 250 people were injured; almost 20 were admitted to the hospital; and one person regrettably lost her life as a result of the 6.0 temblor.
In the following pages, you can read about what's been accomplished so far, and how we've spent the monies entrusted to us. You can also learn about our plans for a final phase of grants, covering two broad categories: funding to help qualified homeowners make earthquake-related repairs if their dwellings remain unsafe; and funding to make the community at large more resilient in the event of a future disaster.
Finally, we have included a brief reflection on what worked well, and what could be better next time. In this area especially, we welcome your comments, ideas and constructive feedback.
American Red Cross;
Aerial drones are one of the most promising and powerful new technologies to improve disaster response and relief operations. Drones naturally complement traditional manned relief operations by helping to ensure that operations can be conducted safer, faster, and more efficiently. When a disaster occurs, drones may be used to provide relief workers with better situational awareness, locate survivors amidst the rubble, perform structural analysis of damaged infrastructure, deliver needed supplies and equipment, evacuate casualties, and help extinguish fires -- among many other potential applications.
This report will discuss how drones and the aerial data they collect can be used before, during, and after a disaster. It includes an overview of potential solutions and deployment models, as well as, recommendations on removing regulatory barriers to their use. The American Red Cross, leading private sector companies, and federal agencies coordinated by Measure, a 32 Advisors Company, have come together to explore and explain how and why drones should be used in the wake of natural disasters and other emergencies that threaten widespread loss of life and property.
Center for Technology Innovation at Brookings Institute;
With its growing usage, mobile technology is greatly improving disaster relief and public safety efforts. Countries around the world face threats from natural disasters, climate change, civil unrest, terrorist attacks, and criminal activities, among others. Mobile devices, tablets, and smart phones enable emergency providers and the general public to manage these challenges and mitigate public safety concerns.
In this paper, part of the Brookings Mobile Economy Project, we focus on how mobile technology provides an early warning system, aids in emergency coordination, and improves public communications. In particular, we review how mobile devices assist with public safety, disaster planning, and crisis response. We explain how these devices are instrumental in the design and functioning of integrated, multi-layered communications networks. We demonstrate how they have helped save lives and ameliorate human suffering throughout the world.
In 2011 Oxfam developed a framework of 'quality indicators' as an additional means to monitor, evaluate and learn from its programmes, and to enhance accountability to all stakeholders.
In order to measure the performance of humanitarian programmes using this indicator, a new tool was developed: the Global Humanitarian Indicator Tool (GHIT). It consists of 12 'standards of excellence' against selected humanitarian programmes evaluated. The tool requires collection of documented evidence from each selected programme of its achievements in relation to each standard of excellence. The evidence is analysed using the GHIT's guidelines to ascertain whether each standard has been met. A score is generated for the programme's results against each standard, and as a cumulative total. In order for a programme to be considered as having met the quality indicator, the total score needs to be above 60% and all relevant standards to be fully, almost or partially met.
Following the successful introduction of this methodology in 2011, the GHIT was slightly modified (to cater for slow onset disasters and to include Human Resources and Protection issues) and used to evaluate five humanitarian programmes in 2012.
This report presents a synthesis of the results of the five programme-specific evaluations and, on this basis, an evaluation of Oxfam's overall performance in 2012.
Provides a brief overview of elements of disaster response and preparedness, including fund distribution, donor confidence, preparedness and mitigation, and philanthropic planning; innovative initiatives; and challenges. Lists considerations for donors.
Pew Internet & American Life Project;
Presents survey findings about giving online or by cellphone, as opposed to by phone, mail, or in person, to relief efforts after the earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Compares data with giving after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and by age and education.
New York Regional Association of Grantmakers;
Lists nonprofits involved in Gulf Coast relief and recovery that have received grants from NYRAG members, with descriptions, previous funders, funding date, and contact information. Includes key indicators of recovery two years after Hurricane Katrina.
Examines the potential impact of climate change, including more disasters, economic stress, and social pressures, with respect to civilian and military response efforts. Calls for a coherent government approach and a strategic emphasis on long-term effect
Network for Good;
Impulse on the Internet: How Crisis Compels Donors to Give Online.
Online giving is growing exponentially per year, from just over half a billion dollars in 2000 to more than $4.5 billion in 2005 (source: ePhilanthropy Foundation), however it still represents a relatively small percentage of total charitable giving.
The notable exception is giving in response to humanitarian crises, when the Internet is becoming donors' avenue of choice.
The Chronicle of Philanthropy has noted that Internet donations for the 2004 South Asian tsunami relief accounted for more than one-third of the total raised - more than twice the proportion of online gifts in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
After Hurricane Katrina, half of relief giving was online, representing the largest outpouring of donations online in history.
Marking the one-year anniversary of that disaster, Network for Good made this study of the recent, large-scale humanitarian emergencies that promoted massive online donations in order to analyze:
- Why donors give online
- How donors give online: their giving behaviors
- Implications for nonprofits seeking to fundraise online.
SDG Philanthropy Platform;
This paper calls on the philanthropic community to take advantage of the opportunity offered by the first World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul in May 2016 to make important changes in the way it contributes its share of the global response to humanitarian crises. In Section 1, the paper looks at the challenges shared by all who contribute, including the philanthropy sector. Section 2 discusses philanthropy's current contributions and potential, including some of its shortcomings. Section 3 examines how the Summit is setting the stage for change -- change for which philanthropy can be a greater part. Section 4 concludes the paper with a set of actionable recommendations for how philanthropy's contribution to humanitarian crises can be greatly improved.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in 2015 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone. The first case in Sierra Leone was declared on 24 May 2014 and by the end of July 2014 the government of Sierra Leone had declared a State of Emergency. This evaluation covers the period from August 2014 until the end of April 2015. Initially the Ebola crisis was viewed as a health emergency requiring responses from medical agencies; there was uncertainty whether Oxfam had the ability to respond to the nature of the emergency as a health crisis. Once this was resolved, Oxfam began activities in September 2014 with distributions of consumable materials, Water, Sanitation and Health (WASH) activities in treatment centres and awareness-raising campaigns. The programme scaled up with the Community Health Workers from the end of October 2014. There were no Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL) activities delivered to beneficiaries during the period of this evaluation other than a small cash transfer to quarantined communities. The evaluation therefore mostly covers the Public Health Engineering (PHE) and Public Health Promotion (PHP) interventions, and awareness-raising activities conducted. Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.