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Carnegie UK Trust;
Switched On brings together recent research and evidence about key issues related to digital inclusion, with a particular focus on children and young people. Digital access is complex picture with multiple factors driving, compounding and impacting those who are included or excluded.
The report explores a number of features of the digital inclusion debate including analysing the components that comprise appropriate digital access, examines the impacts around a lack of access, maps exclusion factors in the UK and outlines the current policy and practice landscape, including successful interventions.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
Established on 5th July 1948, the British National Health Service (NHS) provides free-at-the-point-of-use universal health care to Great Britain's entire population. Though most industrialized countries now ensure some form of comprehensive medical coverage, the British system is structurally unusual in several ways: it does not require any form of health insurance; the government owns the overwhelming majority of the U.K.'s hospitals and clinics; and it employs a vast pool of employees comprising the world's fifth largest workforce. The service is also culturally and socially unique. It is celebrated as "the closest thing the English have to a religion" and regularly tops polls of what makes people "most proud to be British." Yet, the institution's acclaim and longevity is striking considering its scarce resources, uneven health outcomes, and the dismantling of nationalized enterprises across the world. My research asks why the NHS has survived for nearly seventy years, and, in doing so, highlights specific endurances to a postwar social democratic ethic in health care
Carnegie UK Trust;
Quantifying kindness, public engagement and place presents findings from the first ever quantitative survey on kindness in communities and public services. The data reveals a reassuring and yet complex picture of kindness in the UK and Ireland, with generally high levels of kindness reported, but at the same time variations in experiences between jurisdictions and across social groups.
The research also sheds light on how people describe the place they live in, revealing that two in five people in the UK self-identify as living in a town; and provides insights into people's sense of control over public services, and how they perceive and act upon various methods of public engagement.
The data was collected by Ipsos MORI, on behalf of the Carnegie UK Trust; surveys were run with representative random sampling of approximately 1,000 people in each of the five legislative jurisdictions in the UK and Ireland
Center for Economic and Policy Research;
Despite high levels of employment after eight and a half years of economic growth, the UK economy is facing some serious economic challenges: long-term rising inequality, real wages that are still below their 2009 peak, a collapse of productivity growth, and the worst level of regional inequality in the European Union. The unusual uncertainties surrounding Brexit also pose a serious threat that has been much discussed. However, the government's macroeconomic policies may also compound the risks associated with Brexit and make it more difficult to solve the economy's long-term problems. This paper looks at some of the details of the above challenges, with a focus on macroeconomic policy.
Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group (ATMG);
The following paper considers the potential impact of the UK's withdrawal ('Brexit') from the European Union (EU) on efforts to tackle modern slavery. The purpose of this briefing is to review the extent to which the UK's membership in the EU has influenced national anti-trafficking efforts, and consider if and how Brexit may impact the UK's ability to combat modern slavery and protect its victims. Where possible, recommendations have been made on the steps to take to mitigate any potential risks posed by Brexit to UK anti-trafficking efforts.
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC);
The Migration Observatory has shifted thinking on contentious migration issues by providing the first UK source of independent, high-quality evidence and analysis aimed at public audiences.
University of Oxford;
The growth of social media and other aggregators over the last few years has changed the nature of online consumption.
Our question is: Do people remember the news brand when they visit a story via social media or search engines? In order to answer this question we used a YouGov panel to automatically track website usage by a representative sample of UK internet users and then served a survey to see if they could remember the brand.
We find that less than half could remember the name of the news brand for a particular story when coming from search engines or social media. Users were more likely to remember the brand via social media and search engines when they read a story from their main source of news. Young people were also more likely to correctly attribute a news brand when coming from social media compared with older respondents.
Equality and Human Rights Commission;
In August 2015, the Equality and Human Rights Commission ('the EHRC') conducted research into employer and employee practices, perceptions and experiences in relation to recruitment. Our aim was to understand whether there was any evidence of differential treatment between UK-born and foreign-born workers with a right to work in the UK; the extent of discrimination on the basis of nationality, and what may be causing it.
The Equality Act 2010 provides protection from discrimination on the grounds of nine 'protected characteristics' including race, which covers ethnicity and nationality. The Act makes it unlawful for employers and their agents to discriminate against people seeking employment: they must treat applicants fairly and not discriminate in any arrangements for making appointments.
The research focused on sectors with a high proportion of foreign-born workers and a mixture of skill levels:
Accommodation (hotels, holiday and other short-stay accommodation, youth hostels and camping grounds)
Food and beverage service activities (restaurants, mobile food service activities, pubs and bars)
Workplaces across these five sectors that have at least 10 staff account for 6% of all UK workplaces. Twelve per cent of the UK workforce is employed in these workplaces.The research is based on a literature review on discriminatory recruitment practices and migrant workers in the UK, quantitative surveys of workplaces and recruitment.
Today in Britain there is a massive disconnect between people and politicians, and between the 'haves' and 'have-nots'. The richest one percent of the UK population own more than 20 times more wealth than the poorest 20 percent combined.
The EU referendum vote was a stark illustration of just how polarized our society is, with millions of voters expressing their frustration at being locked out of politics and economic opportunity. It is encouraging then that Prime Minister Theresa May has committed to creating a society that works for everyone, not just the fortunate few.
Oxfam welcomes this commitment and believes that addressing inequality, particularly by considering the role of businesses, can help bring the country together and ensure that everyone has a fair share in the economy.Â
Elevate Children Funders Group;
Sponsored by the Elevate Children Funders Group (ECFG), a three-day Program Learning Event (PLE) on Violence against Children in and around Schools (VACiS) held in Kampala, Uganda from 14-16 July 2015, attracted 77 practitioners, donors, advocates, researchers and government representatives in the field of violence against children from Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, South Africa, Germany, the United Kingdom and United States of America. The theme of the event was developing a common learning agenda on preventing and responding to VACiS.
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC);
At the end of 2014, annual net migration for the UK had risen to a current high of 318,000. Integration in British society has become an increasingly central part of the debate around immigration - raising questions about social cohesion, shared values and national identity.
Tax Dodging Bill Campaign, The;
In a just tax system, everyone pays their fair share according to their means. But when those most able to pay can unfairly escape their contributions to society, the majority of people lose out. Inequality increases and there is less public money available to contribute towards improving the lives of the poorest.
At a time of economic difficulty in the UK, a National Audit Office report showed that more than 400 of the 800 largest businesses in the UK paid less than £10m in corporation tax in the 2012/13 fiscal year and around 160 paid no corporation tax at all. Companies may have legitimate reasons to pay little or no corporation tax, but it is an abuse of the tax system for companies to use legal and accounting tricks simply to cut their tax bills.
This briefing by a coalition of charities and campaigning organizations calls for bolder and broader action against tax dodging. All political parties in the UK can demonstrate stronger commitment to tackling these issues by pledging to introduce a Tax Dodging Bill in the first hundred days after the 2015 general election.
It also calls on all political parties to commit to spending the additional UK revenue arising from the Tax Dodging Bill on measures to reduce poverty.